of Fengdu, said to be the abode of devils, is one of the first stops on
your Yangtze River cruise. Here the famous 'ghost City' is deserved to
Situated on the northern bank of the river between Zhongxian and Fuling,
the city was once depicted as the 'City of Ghosts' in two ancient Chinese
classic works - Monkey King and Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio.
The origin of the town's extraordinary reputation can be traced back to
the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. - 220 A.D.) when two official, Yin and Wang,
became Taoist (Taoist) recluses here and eventually Immortals. Later in
Tang Dynasty, when combined, their names mean "King of the Under
To Chinese, the social structure in the hell is
exactly like that in this world. In hell, a sprit would go through a whole
and complete bureaucracy
to get the final sentence. The pure spirits would be rewarded and the
sinful ones would be severely tortures. Different tortures would be given
to different sins. The Temple built on Mt. Minshan display instruments
of torture and wide demon images, which vividly depict the Chinese people's
imagination of Hell. Landmarks on the hill bear horrible name - Ghost
Torturing Pass, Last-Glance at Home Tower, nothing-to-be-done Bridge and
the River of Blood.
Fengdu has a history that goes back more than 2,000 years and references
to it abound in classical literature. It is home to an ancient sect known
as ghost worshippers, hence its name. Curiously enough it is a sect which
originated here, but has never spreaad further afield, despite its long
temples and shrines in Fengdu focus on the theme of ghost worshipping,
with some fascinating images depicting the road taken by a soul on the
road from this world, through death, through to the netherworld.
Today, the town is thronged with more tourists who come to visit temples
and shrines dedicated to the gods of the underworld.